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General Article

FBI Most Wanted List

FBI Most Wanted List

Back on March 14th, 1950, the FBI most wanted list was created. The initial aim of the list is for public awareness — to keep the ordinary citizens up to date on the profiles of the most dangerous fugitives.

To entice the public to participate in hunting or capturing these fugitives, rewards were often offered to those who would successfully participate in the arrest and capture of the wanted criminal. The FBI most wanted list was also brought into existence keeping in mind that the direct involvement of the US media will be vital for the success of the program.

As of today, with public participation, the FBI most wanted list has helped to apprehend one hundred and fifty two fugitives included in the Ten Most Wanted Fugitives. All in all, a total of 491 fugitives have been included in the list. Of this figure, 462 have been located and apprehended.

The FBI most wanted list has been home to some of the most notorious criminals in the US, but it also includes lesser known fugitives who are nonetheless as dangerous as the rest. Among those who made the list are eight women, the first being Ruth Eisemann-Schier. Eisemann-Schier was involved in extortion, kidnapping and criminal activities.

As for those who choose and decide the fugitives that should be included in the FBI most wanted list, this work is done by the Criminal Investigation Division located at FBI Headquarters. Each of the 56 FBI Field Offices are required to send their candidates for the list.

After all field offices have submitted their candidates, special agents in the CID along with members of the Office of Public Affairs are given the task to review all the candidates. The list of candidates chosen by the special agents involved will then be sent to CID’s Assistant Director.

The Assistant Director will further review this submission and make his/her own approvals. Finally, this selection will then be forwarder to the Deputy Director of the FBI for the final approval.

The criteria for the selection of candidates include the following. The fugitive’s criminal record should be a long one and must include serious offenses. The fugitive must also be considered as a dangerous threat to society based on his/her standing criminal offenses. Next, serious consideration must be taken into account that the FBI most wanted list program is capable of assisting in the capture of the criminal by way of national publicity.

For more than half a century since its conception, the FBI most wanted list has been a great boon to the capture and apprehension of fugitives considered as menaces to society. With continued public support and participation, it will continue to act as an important program for law enforcers and agencies.…

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Claiming a Malpractice Lawsuit

If you work in the medical profession, two words sends fear and chills down your spine: malpractice lawyer. A San Diego malpractice lawyer is an attorney that specializes in medical fraud claims in the San Diego area. Typically called in when doctors make mistakes, or when doctors are sued, either way it’s a sign of a gruesome legal battle.
With the economy becoming so tough to handle, many hospitals have had to lower the rate of pay for certain specialists, cut doctor’s hours, and even laid off nurses and other general medical center staff. When the staff is cut and the amount of patients doesn’t decrease, this leaves many doctors and nurses very stressed out from having to handle so many patients quickly and efficiently.
A San Diego malpractice lawyer is there for when doctors screw up or simply neglect patients. This typically consists of doctors performing surgeries improperly. Sometimes they leave medical instruments inside a person’s body. Or at times they will take the money for the surgery and do nothing.
These are only examples of a few of the times that a malpractice lawsuit may be justified. A lawyer who specializes in malpractice cases may be able to help a victim claim compensation for any losses that occurred from a professional’s negligence, but know that lawyers can also work to defend a doctor who is accused of malpractice.
Even if an accused doctor were to win a malpractice lawsuit, there will still be a small blemish on an otherwise spotless record which states that the doctor had been accused of malpractice. This is not to be taken lightly as a “mark” such as this on a doctor’s record will follow him/her for the rest of their career.
In closing, a San Diego lawyer is usually very busy. California is a ripe area for medical malpractice. Unfortunately even if he wins his case there is always the possibility that his client is going to die from injuries sustained by the doctor. Don’t let this scare you away from seeking medical help if you need it, just make sure the person is qualified.…

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Law Dictionary

Errors and Omissions Insurance – A Professional Necessity

A profession may be lucrative enough but it can also be the cause of unexpected expenses. This usually happens when mistakes occur in the giving of one’s professional service. Even with the education and training, a professional may still commit errors that can lead to damage claims. After all, human beings are always prone to commit errors and omissions. Unfortunately, such monetary demands may be too big it can push someone to the brink of bankruptcy.
No matter how skilled a professional is, mistakes can never be totally avoided. These are like ghosts that will always haunt one even as he tries to focus on executing his job. Since it cannot be completely avoided, the best measure to be taken is to prepare for possible expenses that will be incurred in such cases. Being insured under an errors and omissions policy is necessary.
This type of insurance is a guarantee that there is always enough money needed to satisfy damage claims. For example, doctors who may face suits because of malpractice may not worry about the consequential expenses if they have already prepared money for such events. Even insurance underwriters may need to be covered with it too. Some minor mistakes can be enough cause for litigation, which can cost a lot of money.
Real estate appraisers are definitely just as prone to commit human errors. Any wrongful appraisal that can result in harm to the financial conditions of others may require remuneration. If one is already safeguarded with errors and omissions insurance, so he won’t have to worry where he will find money for the repayment. All that he needs to do is to ask his insurance provider to give him the necessary funds for the said purpose.
The most common use of this type of insurance is for defense claims. Oftentimes, when a client becomes a victim of professional malpractice, his only way to get back his money and reputation is by seeking the protections of the laws to achieve both. Therefore, he may file cases against the professional whom he has an issue with. The professional may want to negotiate with the client first but he will still be required to pay for the claims. Otherwise, he will need money too in order to defend himself in court.
Obviously, the best time to buy errors and omissions insurance is before the practice of a profession is made. Costly mistakes can occur very early in a career. With such safeguard early in place, then these can certainly be covered already. However, this is not an excuse to commit errors again. Otherwise, the worse harm on one’s name is made. This is something that cannot be repaired by insurance policies of any kind.…

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The Job of a Court Reporter

Before investing the time, effort and funds into any long term career it is important to have a good grasp of the field and the profession you would like to venture into.
If you find yourself curious about what life would be like as a court reporter, here are some important facts to understanding the profession.
The law requires that every spoken word in a courtroom be documented for further use. This makes the job of a court reporter in demand in all major cities. As a court reporter, your job will have you responsible for producing word-for-word transcripts of anything spoken in a legal setting. This could mean a courtroom, legislature, meeting, or correspondence. You will find yourself working with judges, lawyers, clients and other legal staff in law offices, public buildings, or government agencies on a daily basis. Many court reporters work freelance, and your hours will depend on the location and the demands of the assignment you have been hired for.
To do the job, a court reporter uses a special stenograph machine with 22 keys. A computer program connected to the stenograph machine converts the text into a document for use. The information is printed out in condensed form and then kept for future reference. Often the text will be formatted into a book form to stand as the official record of the proceedings of the trail if there should be an appeal.
As the transcriptions provide a factual record of everything that is said during a court proceeding, it is crucial that the reporter is 100% accurate. A court reporter must have the ability to keep track of information even during distracting circumstances. They must also be able to distance themselves from the case and focus solely on the task at hand. This is especially important during cases that can be particularly emotional or even disturbing to listen to. A successful court reporter will also have excellent organization and listening skills, and exemplary spelling and grammar. They will have to sit and focus for long periods of time during court cases, and an excellent command of the English language is a must.
There are a variety of specialized schools offering legal programs, some of which can be taken online. Students will learn how to efficiently use a stenograph machine and the legal terminology and practice needed to document court proceedings. While you are completing your program, it would be beneficial to gain some experience through volunteer work and job shadowing. Try inquiring at City Hall if you can speak with any court reporters who can give you some career advice.
Once you enter the field as a court reporter, you will usually spend your first few years working in various legal aspects, such as assisting in other legal settings before you are experience enough to take full responsibility as the transcriber. The job does not just end in the courtroom, however. There may also be tasks to complete before or after each court session, depending on the type of case. Typically you may be asked to produce copies of the transcription records to be used by judges, attorneys and other individuals involved in a particular case. In some cases, you may be asked to use your skills for inquiries or depositions.…

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Common Law

Learn the Facts About Court Reporting

Court reporting is an important job. The legal system needs someone to record the legal processes that go on with trials. This done with short handed typing that is used to record so that no words are missed when he or she is typing. The other kind is a voice recorder that types everything that is said from the lawyers, witnesses and others in the courtroom during the time of the trial.
Becoming a court reporter is not necessarily that easy. This person is required to take up to two years of school and get the degree of an associate before he or she will be qualified. This degree uses the same classes as any other undergraduate degree. The student is still required to take basic classes in math, science, history and quite a bit of English.
These students desiring to be in court reporting are required to learn voice recognition software and be able to be successful at using it. The voice writing is highly technical so the student will need to spend one to three hours a night on homework. Using the short handed method will take longer for the students and they will need to go to college for at least 2-4 years to be able to learn enough to be successful.
Despite having a degree, there could still be real time experience necessary before a court reporter is actually hired for the job. Even after they complete the training while under an apprentice they are still going to need to practice their skills. The reporters will still need to attend classes to keep up with their skills.
These court reporters are going to need to be very fast typists. There are two different associations that require their members to type over 200 words per minute. One organization requires them to type 225 words per minute while the other needs to type 250. The one with the higher words requires its members to record verbatim what is said in the courtroom.
Many of the court reporters work as freelance reporters. They often do a lot of work outside the courtroom. They can do religious services or webcasts where transcription is needed. They could also do transcription for television networks that make TV better for the deaf. These people could also be employed as freelance journalists. There are many things they can do that require fast typing to keep up with verbal instructions.
Court reporters can make anywhere from 30,000 to 60,000 a year. There is a program that will help to make reporters earn more money. This program makes it possible for the reporters to earn a continuing income when their work is sold as a research tool for witnesses.
Court reporting is a very necessary profession. It allows the court proceedings to be recorded so they can be accessed later. It makes the court system flow smoothly because of the organization they bring to the legal system. It would not be as efficient as it is now without these reporters. This is certainly a job that will remain around for the long haul.…

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General Article

Trailer Park Boys in the Tradition of the Comedic Criminal

Trailer Park Boys in the Tradition of the Comedic Criminal

This is the tradition of Robin Hood, who first appeared (in rhyme) in 1377 C.E. He remained a popular figure in Scottish lore, appearing in ballads and in plays (many lost to time).

But it took over a century of adventuring for Robin Hood to begin his most famous practice, his saving grace; stealing from the rich and giving to the poor.

It was in Elizabethan England’s 1600s that Robin became a noble thief, returning Norman plunder to the good English people of British sovereign Sir Richard the Lionheart, then abroad on crusade. Around this time Robin also took on the moniker Sir Robin.

Robin made his first appearance in published print in 1838 and remained popular through more serialized adventures, where Maid Marian entered the legend. More English novels followed. Howard Pyle’s 1883 The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood of Great Renown in Nottinghamshire, is considered a classic children’s book.

Robin remained the star of page and stage until he became the screen hero we imagine today. The first Robin Hood short was released in 1908. Five more had been produced by 1914. Douglas Fairbanks Sr. virtually owned the character with his 1922 hit Robin Hood until the classic 1938 Warner Brothers film, The Adventures of Robin Hood, with Errol Flynn. Flynn was so effective and beloved as Robin that later productions presented The Son of Robin Hood or other related characters instead of recasting to replace Flynn.

None of this indicates a comic tradition. Robin Hood is an adventure character, not a comedic character, his vehicles are not considered comedies.

But when you look at the tradition of the comedic criminal, time and again you see a retelling of the Robin Hood legend. This is because everything about the Robin Hood stories works in the comedic world: A likable but imperfect fellow who thwarts a corrupted power system; an antiestablishment rebel who is a criminal by virtue of his stance against the corrupt system, not because of any innate evil or personality flaw; a rascal who delights in overturning the status quo of the rich and beautiful, happily doling out justice on behalf of the common man or woman who, without him, would have no way to overcome.

As we will see, comedic stories about criminals are Robin Hood stories virtually without exception.

But let’s not be so fast to cast Robin Hood off as a character without vast comedic possibilities. Daffy Duck played Robin to superb comic effect; portraying him as a lazy, pompous bungler, while Porky Pig’s Friar Tuck did the heavy lifting.

In the 1970s, Disney made an animated Robin Hood film, presenting him as a wily fox to outwit Peter Ustinov’s idiot Prince John. Comedic, if not exactly comedy gold.

One of the rare instances of a situation comedy with a criminal as the central character is the Mel Brooks-created When Things Were Rotten, starring Get Smart’s Dick Gautier and Bernie Kopell as Robin Hood and Friar Tuck.

Robin Hood returned to television in a Canadian hour-long fantasy drama, which has little place in our discussion of comedy. It wasn’t Robin’s first stint as a dramatic lead on television. The 1950s black-and-white The Adventures of Robin Hood was directed squarely at kids. The half-hour adventure series was a popular format with kids, including the hit shows Superman, Sky King and many others.

Thereafter society’s favorite outlaw hero has enjoyed several big-screen adaptations. One great modern Robin Hood film is Robin and Marian, featuring James Bond Sean Connery, Breakfast at Tiffany’s Audrey Hepburn and Jaws’ Robert Shaw as the aging Robin, Marian and Sheriff of Nottingham,.

Mel Brooks took a second swipe at the Robin Hood legend, giving it a big-screen parody treatment with 1993’s Men In Tights to unspectacular artistic and commercial success.

But to find a comedic retelling of this paradigm, one needn’t go directly back to Robin Hood, only indirectly.

Let’s take a look at a few stories in the tradition of the comedic criminal and see if the Robin Hood legend doesn’t lay just beneath the surface.

As a control, here’s the Robin Hood story in a nutshell: Good-hearted outlaw Robin Hood, with his lady love Marian and his band of Merry Men, enlists the peasants of Sherwood Forest to thwart the evil schemes of invading Norman Prince John and his local representative, the Sheriff of Nottingham.

Here’s director Alan Parker’s 1976 musical comedy Bugsy Malone: Good-hearted gangster Bugsy Malone, with his lady love Blousey and his allies Fat Sam and his boys recruits the down-and-out depression-era denizens of the city to thwart the evil schemes of invading gangster Dandy Dan.

Here’s John Landis’ 1980 film comedy The Blues Brothers: Good-hearted musicians Jake and Elwood Blues, with their band, recruit the …

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General Article

Criminology 101 – Excerpt From Current Research in Classical Criminology

Criminology 101 – Excerpt From Current Research in Classical Criminology

Section Introduction: Awakening the Assassin’s Ascension:

Awakening the assassin’s ascension alludes to the potential within humans to plot, scheme and murder. Mental proclivities mirror the brainpower of individual initiative, inspiration and intention. To inflict all manner of abnormality find culpability within the thinking processes. Mindset refers to what the brain does a result of cerebral chemical interactions. It’s a metaphor to describe the result of complex psycho-physiology in connection with ideas, thoughts and action. An illusion reflecting the internal workings of the brain, the mind offers a symbolic reference point for ease of communal discussion. We often explain behavior by what’s going on inside someone’s mind. Sometimes we say this is a state of mind, an attitude or ways of thinking. All of us are affected. Overall, the mind and its set of mental configurations relates to our inner neural network of human design.

The depth, width of complexity of human ideation defies simple explanation. A multitude of theories assert a range of cause-effect reasons. Nebulous notions of spurious “scientific” research have only touched the surface of the “iceberg” of human existence. A vast realm of consciousness, as well as unconsciousness, hides below the surface of reality. Tenuous definitions of ill-defined possible causes of human violence remain a submerged mystery. Yet, throughout the media, academia and public perception, we think we know reasons why people maim, torture and murder others. We foster the myth, magic and metaphor in discussions of criminality. While mindset reflects ideas, fantasies and limitless imagination, motives foster the fruition of touching reality. From the inner world of the psychic sphere, we want to act out the things we think about. Mischief stems from the ideation that occurs within the framework of thoughts. Our human nature is a composite of the ongoing struggle between personal issues of good and evil.

History testifies to the myriad examples of debauchery, destruction and death. Misbehavior, disobedience and assorted acts of deviance surface from the mindset of the beholder. We are the creators of both positive and negative results. Sometimes, we pursue our inherent proclivities and murder other people in the process of getting what we want. People make choices for better or for worse. Some find creative ways to act on desires, urges and cravings. Others go to extremes and commit deadly acts. In some recent research, the allegation has been made that “killing is fundamentally in our nature” as a human species. In terms of the view from that of evolutionary psychology, humans are seen as having evolved a mindset adaptive to killing other humans. Certain studies from this perspective hint at the inclination people have to take a life for a variety of reasons. Individually, each person offers a disposition to murder given particular circumstances that may be unique to him or her. These situations could relate to a person’s willingness to consider murder as an option. Especially if the options come under the press of uniquely dangerous conditions. Usually, these situations pertain to self-defense, protecting another from deadly harm, or similar conditions of homicidal justifications. None the less, indications follow a trail to the possibility that everyone is capable of murdering someone else. Circumstances define the motive, means and opportunity to terminate a life.

As such, it is suggested that males, in particular, indicate a readiness to kill when status, reputation or sexuality might be threatened. This might be a matter related to competition relative to matters of personal gain. Gain is considered against the risks involved in the commission of the act. And, concerns aspects of pleasure versus pain the acquisition of the desired goal. In a simplistic format, we ready, willing and able to commit serious criminality, where for emotional or material rewards. There’s always a motive, an intention and something to be gained. For criminologists, the sleight of hand tactics concern figuring out the “whydunit of a whodunit”. Investigative efforts become one of solving a mysterious puzzle. It’s called human nature and the darkness runs deep into realms of the imaginations. Criminality is the “X-Files” of human behavior. Dark, devious and deadly, the humanistic proclivity toward violence is legendary. Raw, rough and ragged, the mental motions of psychic mayhem confound the best of detectives, forensic experts and pseudo-social scientists. Since there is no quick and easy feel good answer, the term “cryptocriminology”, or “crypto-criminology” has been coined.

The suggestion offers the option to highlight the complexity of human thinking. And, underscore the fact, that human thinking processes do not an effortless, undemanding trouble-free explanation. Mental proclivities might be beyond comprehension for the foreseeable future. Crypto-criminology is a word suggesting the vast mysteries contained within the human brain. We don’t have simple answers detailing the scope of human motivations. Our inclinations reside inside the expanse …